Aluminum metal (shavings)

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Physical properties of aluminum

Aluminum is a soft, light, silver-white metal with high thermal and electrical conductivity. Melting point 660 ° C.

The advantages of aluminum and its alloys include its low density (2.7 g / cm3), relatively high strength characteristics, good thermal and electrical conductivity, manufacturability, high corrosion resistance. The combination of these properties makes it possible to classify aluminum as one of the most important technical materials.

Application

Aluminum is widely used as a structural material. The main advantages of aluminum in this quality are ease, compliance with stamping, corrosion resistance (in air, aluminum is instantly covered with a strong Al2O3 film, which prevents its further oxidation), high thermal conductivity, and the non-toxic nature of its compounds. In particular, these properties made aluminum extremely popular in the production of kitchenware, aluminum foil in the food industry and for packaging.

The introduction of aluminum alloys in construction reduces metal consumption, increases the durability and reliability of structures when operating them under extreme conditions (low temperature, earthquake, etc.).

Aluminum is widely used in various types of transport. At the present stage of aviation development, aluminum alloys are the main structural materials in aircraft construction. Aluminum and its alloys are increasingly used in shipbuilding. From aluminum alloys ship hulls, deck superstructures, communications and various ship equipment are manufactured.

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